Emmy_Destinn

Minnie’s from Gigliola Frazzoni and Eleanor Steber

fanciulla-emmy

Emmy Destinn (Minnie) at the premiere of La Fanciulla del West

Puccini’s women are never one-dimensional. That is expressed in his music, but who still understands the intentions behind the notes? Good Minnies are scarce these days, and to find the best, one has to go back to the nineteen fifties/sixties.

Like Salome, Minnie is loved and desired by men. Well, you say, she is the only woman in a rough world of miners inhabited only by guys. But it’s not that simple. She lives all alone in a remote hut and a few minutes after meeting a strange man, she invites him to her house. She smokes, and drinks whiskey. And she loves a game of cards, cheating if necessary.

In the scene leading up to the poker game, she says to the sheriff, “Who are you, Jack Rance? The owner of a gambling joint. And Johnson? A bandit. And me? The owner of a saloon and a gambling joint, I live off whiskey and gold, dancing and faro. We’re all the same! We’re all bandits and cheats!”

fanciulla-tebaldi

Renata Tebaldi as Minnie

And I choose not to talk to you about Renata Tebaldi, even though she was one of the greatest (if not the greatest!) Minnie’s ever. She was lucky to have an exclusive contract with a leading record company (Decca), something her colleagues could only dream of.

fanciulla-frazzoni

Gigliola Frazzoni as Minnie with Franco Corelli (Johnson)

That explains why few people, apart from a few opera-diehards, have ever heard of Gigliola Frazzoni or Eleanor Steber (to name but two). Believe me: neither soprano is inferior to Tebaldi. Just pay attention to the range of emotions they have at their disposal. They cry, sob, scream, roar, beg, suffer and love. Verismo at its best. You don’t need a libretto to understand what’s going on here.

fanciulla_steber_delmonaco_guelfi

They sing as well, and how! All the notes are there. There’s no cheating. Well, something may go wrong during a live performance, but it is live, that’s drama, that’s opera. And let’s face it, when you play poker and your lover’s life is at stake, you don’t think about belcanto.

ELEANOR STEBER

fanciulla-steber

The recording with the American Eleanor Steber was made in 1954 at the Maggio Musicale in Florence (Regis RRC 2080). Steber’s soprano is very warm and despite the hysterical undertones of an almost perfect beauty.

Gian Giacomo Guelfi makes a devastating impression as Rance and the two together… well, forget Tosca and Scarpia! I don’t like Mario del Monaco, but Johnson was a role in which he truly shone. Mitropoulos conducts very dramatically with theatrical effects.

The recording can also be found on Spotify:


GIGLIOLA FRAZZONI

fanciulla-fraz

The registration with Gigliola Frazzoni was made at La Scala in April 1956 (a.o. Opera d’Oro1318). Frazzoni sings very movingly: it is not always beautiful, but what drama!

fanciulla-del-west

Franco Corelli is probably the most attractive bandit in history and Tito Gobbi as Jack Rance is a luxury. He is, what you call, a vocal actor. In his performance you can hear a lust for power and horniness, but also a kind of sentimental love.

fanciulla-corelli

Franco Corelli as Johnson

Gigliola Frazzoni and Franco Corelli in ‘Mister Johnson siete rimasto indietro…Povera gente’.

The whole recording on Spotify:


Translated with http://www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

In Dutch:Minnie’s van Gigliola Frazzoni en Eleanor Steber

The Divine Emma /Božská Ema …

emmy-destinn-the-greatest-czech-soprano-dv

Emílie Pavlína Věnceslava Kittlová (26 februari 1878 – 28 januari 1930) of, zoals de wereld haar kent: Emmy Destinn wordt beschouwd als één van de grootste sopranen uit de eerste twintig jaar van de twintigste eeuw. Ze vierde triomfen in Berlijn, Parijs, Londen en New York, trad op met Enrico Caruso die haar ooit een aanzoek had gedaan en samen met hem zong ze de wereldpremière van La Fanciulla del West, een opera, die Puccini met haar stem in zijn hoofd componeerde.

Emmmy Fanciulla

In haar vaderland, de Bohemen, was ze voornamelijk geliefd omwille van haar patriottisme, wat haar tijdens de eerste Wereldoorlog zelfs een driejarig huisarrest heeft opgeleverd. De Tsjechische documentaire over haar leven is tegelijkertijd interessant en irritant.

Emmy Dinh

Interessant, want het vertelt over veel onbekende feiten uit haar leven, laat prachtige beelden, foto’s en filmfragmenten zien en bijzondere akoestische opnamen (onder andere een echte rariteit: het Tsjechische volkslied, in het Tsjechisch gezongen samen met haar toenmalige geliefde, de Algerijnse bariton, Dinh Gilly) horen:

Irritant, want opgebouwd als een zeer ouderwets, oer sentimenteel filmisch portret, vol met overvliegende meeuwen, opwaaiende korenvelden, een steeds terugkerende zandloper en gelardeerd met in scène gezette fictieve beelden. En dat alles op de klanken van de Nocturne van Chopin.

Maar het aller, allerergste is dat zij de stem van Destinn vervangen hadden door die van Gabriela Beňačková! Een geweldige zangers die zelf niet eens in beeld mag komen want de hoofdrol is – uiteraard – bedoeld voor een mooie, jonge deerne.

En hier de echte Emmy:

The Greatest Czech Soprano
Regie: Petr Skala
Supraphon, SU7006-9