Charles_Spencer

Le rossignol et la rose : interview with Chen Reiss

Chen Reis

© Paul Marc Mitchell

In march 2015 Chen Reiss appeared on the stage of the National Opera in Amsterdam. She kindly took some time off from her heavy rehearsal schedule to answer my questions.

The evening we meet in the canteen of the National Opera, Chen Reiss is tired, very tired. It was a long day of rehearsals, from 10:30 until 18:00!!! With a break, but nonetheless…

She had arrived in Amsterdam six weeks earlier to study Pamina in Die Zauberflöte, and Simon McBurney’s staging requires great physical efforts of the entire cast.

Not easy, especially not if you happen to be a mother as well, travelling with a daughter who is almost two years old. It is impossible to keep up with the daily news this way, which is a blessing, in a way, because most of that news does not exactly cheer Reiss up.

Chen

© Paul Marc Mitchell

“I am extremely pessimistic and scared. As a Jewish and an Israeli woman I feel less and less at home in Europe. I am deeply worried, and fear everything will go awry. Not a very nice perspective, certainly not for a parent. Fortunately enough I am too busy to listen to the news. I have breakfast at eight, with my daughter, after which rehearsals start. In the evening, when I get home, it is simply too late. I am tired, and often I need to study…”

“I love Mozart with all of my heart: his sacred music perhaps even more than his operas. Those works I love singing above everything else, the music is so beautiful! Full of passion, but stylish and elegant at the same time. Which Mozart roles I love the most? Ilia (Idomeneo), I think, but in fact I love them all equally!”

Chen Reiss reveales her Top 5 Mozart soprano arias:

“Pamina passive? I don’t believe so, on the contrary! She is extremely brave and full of initiative. So much is happening to her. First she is kidnapped, then almost raped. Then her mother tells her to kill her own father. When she refuses she is scorned and cursed. She then escapes rape for a second time…  Just when you think not much else could happen to her the man she loves no longer wants to speak to her! She goes to hell and back and gets so desperate she can only think of suicide. The decision to undergo the trials and follow the man she loves to the end was made entirely by herself.  She is a hard act to follow!”

Wolfgang Ablinger-Sperrhacke (Monostatos), Chen Reiss (Pamina)

Wolfgang Ablinger-Sperrhacke (Monostatos), Chen Reiss (Pamina) © Hans van den Bogaard

Is it eternal love, I ask?
My question makes her laugh out loud. In opera, which love is not eternal, after all?

Reiss finds the Amsterdam production by Simon McBurney truly charming. “It all looks very exciting and beautiful, and in addition I work with fantastic colleagues. And this is the third time I get to fly!

Maximilian Schmitt (Tamino), Chen Reiss (Pamina)

Maximilian Schmitt (Tamino), Chen Reiss (Pamina) © Hans van den Boogaard

In Vienna I was a very high flying Waldvogel in Siegfried, which not only gave me high anxiety quite a bit but made it hard for me to follow the conductor as well ….  In my last Idomeneo production I was lifted into the air for a moment, which was rather fun.

Trailer of the Viennese Idomeneo:

“Do I ever refuse a role? Yes, surely, but only when it does not suit my voice. It is harder to decide which productions you should avoid. Often you do not know the concept until a week before rehearsals start. Then it is too late to refuse. Refusing anyhow is difficult, because you no longer will be booked, especially if you are a young singer.

This also happens to great stars, by the way. Anna Netrebko recently left a production because she could not agree with the director. Apparently it is easier to replace a world famous singer than a director. The director is felt to be the most important figure, and everything revolves around him or her.”

“I was once made to wear a very heavy hat, which physically I could not do. Not even a letter from my doctor helped: I was fired, and the concept remained. Will this ever change? Who knows. Perhaps if people would stop buying tickets?”

Chen Reiss is also very popular with audiences who never go to the opera or to classical concerts. She sang  Et Incarnatus Est  in 2014 in front of the Pope during the Christmas Eve Mass in the Vatican. One of the papers the next day came up with the following headline:  ‘How a Jewish Israeli soprano found holiness in front of the Pope’.

Chen-Reiss Vaticaan

Chen Reiss performing at the Christmas Mass at the Vatican’s St. Peter Basilica.

“It was a special experience, yes. I only met the Pope very briefly, not longer than thirty seconds, but he sent me a long thank you letter afterwards. Really special. It moved me a lot, and gave me a warm feeling. I also believe the Pope genuinely loves music, he knows so much about it!”

“Why I was invited? Two years ago I sang that piece during the Sacred Music Weeks in Vienna, and I believe he heard me there. Or someone told him about me, because shortly afterwards I got the news I was selected to sing during the mass.”

Reiss singing during the Christmas Eve Mass:

Reiss’s discography includes five solo albums, amongst others. One of them is Le Rossignol et la Rose. I tell her how incredibly beautiful and moving I find that CD. She is genuinely happy with the compliment.

“I selected the songs and made the program myself, which is all about love, pain and sadness, but about happiness as well. When I was selecting the program I was happily in love, but during the recording sessions my partner and I broke up. I was devastated, and even thought of giving up entirely, but I did finish the recording. That was the right decision, because the recording sessions had a therapeutic effect on me which was beneficial. They helped me so much, in fact, that I opened up to something new and met my current husband. So things have come full circle. For this reason, the CD is very dear to me.

I would love to record more, which is something I will soon do, in fact: first Bach cantates, followed by more Lieder. Yes, all for Onyx. Such a great company! They are very helpful and sweet, they simply let me do whatever I wanted for the Rossignol disc.

In the future I intend to focus more on concerts and recitals. I have discovered that that is what I love doing the most. I will sing the Sieben frühe Lieder by Berg soon, and then perhaps the Vier Letzte Lieder by Strauss.”

Chen Reiss Photo artefakt-berlin.de

© artefact-berlin.de

“I love Amsterdam dearly. On my first visit here I sang Mahler’s Fourth Symphony, with the Radio Philharmonic Orchestra under Markus Stenz. He is such an incredibly lovely conductor!

 Chen Reiss in Mahler’s Fourth Symphony:

At that time I already wished I could stay a little longer in the city. It is so strikingly beautiful, for me it is the most beautiful city in Europe, perhaps even in the world. There is so much culture too: the Concertgebouw, the museums…. And the people here are very friendly. I enjoy all of that very much.

Le rossignol et la rose

Chen Reiss rossignol_hr

This recital-cd is a fine example of a perfectly put together recital. Like a nightingale and a rose, it is a match made in heaven.

The recital’s motto: “The nightingale has sung throughout the night, making the roses spring up by the sweet sound of her echoing song” introduces a story in five chapters; a story of love, longing, loneliness and sorrow. And humor too, because even in foggy romanticism funny things do occur occasionally.

The title of the CD is taken from Saint Saëns’s vocalise. In this song Reiss presents her full potential on a platter, which is quite something.

‘Le rossignol et la rose’ by Saint-Saens, illustrated with fragments from old movies:

I was particularly moved by ‘Die Nachtigall’ by Krenek, a song I did not know, and would not associate with this composer straight away. The beautiful text is by Karl Kraus, a poet who, according to Krenek,  had a great influence on him. Reiss makes you gasp in admiration, her high notes are both impeccable and sweet.

Bellini’s ‘Vanne o rosa fortunata’ is a lovely piece of fluff, but it is impossible not to be moved by ‘La Rosa y el sauce’ by Guastavino. It is a song about a rose which blossomed in the shadow of a willow, but which was plucked by a young girl, leaving the willow to mourn. Reiss grieves with the willow, and so do we.

In ‘Shnei shoshanim’ by Mordechai Zeira Reiss shows the darker side of her voice. She reminds me a little of Nethania Devrath, one of the most famous Israeli sopranos from the sixties, with Victoria de los Angeles not looming far in the background.

Pianist Charles Spencer is truly the saving angel here. He is much more than just an accompanist. Listen to his intro to Krenek’s ‘Die Nachtigall’ or to his pearly notes in Meyerbeer’s ‘Rosenblätter’. BRAVI!

Le Rossignol et la Rose
Purcell, Hahn, Mahler, Meyerbeer, Strauss, Bellini, Guastavino, Berg a.o.
Chen Reiss (soprano), Charles Spencer (piano)
Onyx 4104 • 72’

English translation: Remko Jas

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‘SCHÖNE WELT’ van Anne Schwanewilms

schwanewilms

Anne Schwanewilms heeft een warme, romige sopraan waarmee zij moeiteloos hoge regionen beklimt zonder de lange lijnen kwijt te raken. Een stem die buitengewoon geschikt is niet alleen voor Richard Strauss, maar ook voor Korngold en Schreker.

Anne Schwanewilms in een kort fragment van Schrekers Die Gezeichneten uit Salzburg 2005:

 

 

Al  jaren zit ik al op haar opname met liederen van Schreker te wachten en nu het zo ver is kan ik alleen betreuren dat het er maar vijf zijn. Die prachtige liederen, die de sfeer van sehnsucht en verlangen ademen, passen haar als een handschoen. Daar had ik graag meer van willen horen. Met het aangrijpend gezongen ‘Umsonst’  weet zij bij mij een gevoelige snaar te raken.

Maar ook in Korngold weet Schwanewilms mij te overtuigen. Luisterend naar ‘Was du mir bist’ moet ik ongewild aan de Marschallin (Der Rosenkavalier) denken, wat ongetwijfeld aan de in het lied besloten weemoed ligt.

Voor meer Korngold en Schreker had ik graag de hele Schubert-sectie willen omruilen. Niet alleen kennen we de liederen inmiddels wel; ze lijken haar ook iets minder goed te liggen. Al moet ik toegeven dat ik de met teruggehouden stem en kinderlijk-naïef gezongen ‘Ave Maria’ (Ellens Gesang III) zeer ontroerend vind.

Charles Spencer behoort tot die ‘vanzelfsprekende’ begeleiders wiens aanwezigheid je niet merkt tot je ze opeens mist. Waarbij ik maar wil zeggen dat ik hem voor geen goud had willen missen.


 

 

SCHUBERT, SCHREKER, KORNGOLD
Schöne Welt
Anne Schwanewilms (sopraan), Charles Spencer (piano)
Capriccio C5233 • 66’

Le Rossignol et la Rose

chen-reiss-1024x1024

De Israëlische sopraan  (haar naam spreek je op zijn Nederlands uit: Chen dus en niet Tsjen) Chen Reiss behoort tot ’s wereld mooiste en meest geliefde sopranen.
Haar discografie vermeldt vijf solo albums, waarvan La Rossignol et la Rose een voorbeeld is van een perfect samengesteld recital.
Inderdaad: zoals een nachtegaal en een roos, de match made in heaven.

Het motto van het recital: “De nachtegaal zong de hele nacht door en met zijn zoete geluid liet hij de rozen bloeien” leidt een verhaal in vijf delen in; een verhaal van liefde, verlangen, eenzaamheid en pijn. En humor, want ook in het leven van de mistige romantiek valt wel eens wat te lachen.

De titel van de cd is ontleend aan de vocalise van Saint Saëns, waarin Reiss ons al haar kunnen op een schotel presenteert en dat is niet niets.

Bijzonder geroerd werd ik door Die Nachtigall van Krenek, een lied dat ik niet kende en niet gauw met de componist zou associëren. De prachtige tekst is van Karl Kraus, een dichter die volgens de componist een grote invloed op hem heeft gehad. Reiss doet je naar adem happen van bewondering: haar hoge noten zijn loepzuiver en zoet.

Bellini’s Vanne o rosa fortunata is een heerlijk niemendalletje, maar La Rosa y el sauce van Guastavino kan je niet onberoerd laten. Het verhaalt over een roos die in de schaduw van een wilg opbloeide, maar geplukt werd door een jong meisje, de wilg treurend achterlatend. Samen met Reiss. En met ons.

In Shnei shoshanim van Mordechai Zeira laat Reiss ook de donkere kant van haar stem horen. Hierin doet zij mij een beetje aan Nethania Devrath denken, een van de beroemdste Israëlische sopranen uit de jaren zestig. Maar ook Victoria de los Angeles is niet ver weg.

Haar Mahler vind ik iets minder en in Heidenröslein van Schubert doet zij mij haar voorgangsters (Lucia Popp!) niet vergeten. Maar dan komt de “reddende engel” in de gedaante van de pianist. Charles Spencer is meer dan een begeleider alleen. Luister maar naar de intro tot Krenek of de parelende noten in Rosenblätter van Meyerbeer. BRAVI!

Le Rossignol et la Rose
Purcell, Hahn, Mahler, Meyerbeer, Strauss, Bellini, Guastavino, Berg e.a.
Chen Reiss (sopraan), Charles Spencer (piano)
Onyx 4104 • 72’